History of Guitar

Guitar is a musical instrument that appeared over 5000 years ago( the ancient guitar). Then the Spaniards improved it into a guitar today.  Today, the guitar is the most popular instrument in the world. Many people desire to choose a best beginner guitar to play. Nowadays, the guitar has six strings. However there are still some different types of guitar with 4, 7, 8, 10 and 12 strings. It is a musical instrument with keys and strings. It has wide applications in various types of music. It may accompany singing, concert or recital. The guitar is divided into many types corresponding many different music styles.



The guitar has a long history of development, perhaps starting from the chord of ancient hunters. 

These guitars are made from wood, turtle shells and animal tendon. In the 7th century, people saw lyre guitar and cithara guitar in in Greece (A big and bulky guitar). The word “guitar” derived from the cithara. The first guitar might appear in Egypt and Babylon in 1000BC. Through many changes, it was brought to Europe in the 8th century and developed brightly in the 14th century, especially in Spain. It is unknow when the guitar appears in Spain.

However, during the 14th century, there are two types of instrument called guittara: guittara Latina and guittara Moisca. The oldest stringed instrument was found in Alaja Huyuk area. It was also found an ancient stone statue illustrating a woman hugging guitar in Greece. Especially, her posture coincides with the posture of the artist playing guitar today. In the 15th century, vihuela is the first instrument having full characteristics of the guitar. The music written for the instrument still preserved which showed astonishing perfection. The first guitars in Italy bring many significant improvements and make the characteristics of guitar today. The guitar has an only sound hole and a neck. The string often has 4 double strings (eg: Mandoline) and a single string. Guitar box’s shape is the number 8 and longer than the modern guitar.

Electric Guitar History
However, until the 19th century, the guitar became perfect under the skilful hands of master craftsman Antonio de Torres Jurado (1817-1892). De Torres’s guitars always have smooth and inspiring sound. De Torres also found the standard length of the strings 65 centimeters.

The guitar still silently developed. With artistic inspiration from ordinary life, Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, an Italian painter, found a school of blended art between still lifes and fertility. It can be said that this is also the premise to form the flamenco music. Beside the development of the academic music, the guitar also branched into popular music especially flamenco. The flamenco really gives listener the heart beauty of Spanish.

In the early 20th century, the 6-string guitar developed strongly in all social classes. With new changes in artistic life, economy, society and politics, the guitar has turn into many new branches such as rock music, jazz music and became the most popular musical instruments in modern musical life.


 

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